Cod or Gadus Morhua is the common name for the genus Gadus of demersal fishes, belonging to the family Gadidae. Gadus Morhua was named by Carolus Linnaeus in 1758. They inhabit the cold waters of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and have a protruding upper jaw, a conspicuous barbel on the lower jaw and light lateral line, curved above the pectoral fins. Adult cods can be found on the sea bottom to a depth from 20 to 200 feet, they can weigh up to 15kg and have a lifespan of up to 25 years.
Cod has a mild flavour and a dense, flaky, white flesh and is the most popular fish sold in British fish and chip shops.
Haddock or Melanogrammus aeglefinus is also a member of the Gadidae family. It is the only species in the monotypic genus Melanogrammus. It was given its name in 1862 by Theodore Nicholas Gill. The generic name Melanogrammus means "black line", a reference to the black lateral line of this species. It also has a distinctive dark blotch above the pectoral fin, often described as the "Devil's thumbprint" or "St. Peter's mark". It can be found on both sides of North Atlantic and is a bottom-dwelling fish to a depth of 130 to 500 feet. They can weigh up to 10kg and have a lifespan of up to 6 years.
Haddock has a slightly sweet flavour and a delicate, flaky, white flesh and is one of the most popular items on the menus of British fish and chip shops.
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